Global Journal of
Medicine & Public Health
ISSN : 2277–9604

Competence training and incentives medical services support the achievement of nurses’ performances in general hospital of PROF. W. Z. Johanness Kupang
Frans Salesman, Theresia Bayo

Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding oral hygiene measures among government school teachers in and around Melmaruvathur
Vivek Reddy, A Vasanthakumari, I Jai Ganesh, K Vivek, S Lokesh

Risky sexual behavior of young people in an urban community, South –South, Nigeria
Okafor K.C, Adam V.Y, Azuike E.C

Experience of sexual harassment among nursing students in clinical settings in private nursing colleges in Kathmandu Valley
Shobha Gaihre, Sandesh Regmi, Prabin Shrestha

Endurance physical activity impact on heart type fatty acid binding protein of health individuals in Eastern Nigeria
Saheed Opeyemi Usman , Samuel Chukwuemeka Meludu, Ifeoma Joy Onuora , Chikaodili Nwando Obi-Ezeani ,Chudi Emmanuel Dioka,Chidiadi Maryan Njoku

Do the urban poor delay urban universal health coverage in India?
K Suresh

BAG-1 protein prolongs cell survival
Petković Marija

Impact of health education intervention regarding the awareness of chikunguniya
Vivek Nagar, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Kriti Yadav, Saket Kale, Pankaj Prasad

Corneal changes in pseudoexfoliative eyes
Tania Sadiq , Syed Tariq Qureshi, Arshi Nazir, Anshulee Sood

Customer satisfaction on basic medical services of the health center in East Jakarta
Jumaini Andriana, Sudung Nainggolan, Frisca R Batubara

Spirulina as a main source of tryptophan for mental illness: Improving level of serotonin through tryptophan supplementation
Sileshi Demelash

Sexual practices and factors affecting sexual outcomes of young people in Oluku community, Ovia North East local governmner, Edo State, Nigeria
Okafor K.C., Adam V.Y., Azuike E.C.

Association of socio-demographic factors with overweight and obesity among rural school going adolescents in Rohtak district, Haryana
B M.Vashisht, Vikram A, Anvesha

Facebook suicide memorial pages: Are they in compliance with WHO’s suicide media guidelines?
Gabrielle Dupuis, Raywat Deonandan

Controlling Antimicrobial Resistance: Lessons from Scotland for India
Suchita Bhattacharya, Kanchan Mukherjee, Alan Haycox

Prevalence and risk factors of acute respiratory infection among under five sin rural communities of Ekiti State, Nigeria
Oluremi Olayinka Solomon, Olugbenga Olusola Odu, Eyitope Oluseyi Amu, Olusoji Abidemi Solomon, James O Bamidele, Eyitayo Emmanuel, Stella Adetokunbo, Bayo D Parakoyi

Past, present and future of breast cancer in Nepal: A review
Biwesh Ojha, Randeep Kumar, Akash Prabhune

A case for strengthening pharmacovigilance systems in Namibia
Adenuga BA, Kibuule D

Self acceptance of nurses on the concern of caring for patients with mental disorders
Ira Kusumawaty, Ova Emilia, Fitri Haryanti

Male circumcision and HIV: Non‐blindedness and biases in RCTs; female preferences; penile sensitivity, satisfaction and ambient stimulation; risk compensation; acceptance of insufficient condom use and personal hygiene and related externalities
D J Vance

Assessment of home based newborn care (HBNC) program – Rajasthan
Rajni Singh Rajawat, Bhumika Talwar

Pattern and predictors of current smokeless tobacco use among women in selected states in India: Using the gender lens to interpret evidence from the global adult tobacco survey 2010
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Vinayak Mohan Prasad

Quality of care at ART clinic in Shashamanne referral hospital, West Arsi zone, Oromina national regional state, South Ethiopia
Melese Belayneh , Mastewal Tamiru

How accurate are self-reported smoking habits in patients with tuberculosis?
Cope G F, Soobratty M R, Whitefield R, Carver A, O Donovan G V, Milburn H J

An overview of health literacy status in Udupi district, Karnataka, India
Sowmya Sundararajan, Ravi Raj Singh Chouhan, Jestina Rachel Kurian

The association between hypertension and quality of life among elderly: A population based comparison study with general population in Tomohon, Indonesia
Sekplin A.S. Sekeon, Angela F.C. Kalesaran, Grace D. Kandou

Cardiovascular disease among severe mental illness and psychiatric medication
Sileshi Demelash

Utilization of MCH services in tribal area of Akole: A client perspective
Raju K.C., Anup L. Kharde

Anxiety and depression among Greek undergraduate students in the University of Patras
Konstantinos Argyropoulos, Evangelia Giourou, Maria Dimopoulou, Argyro Argyropoulou, Philippos Gourzi, Eleni Jelastopulu

Effectiveness of structured nutrition education on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy and exclusive breastfeeding duration in Kiandutu health centre, Thika – Kenya
Mituki D.M, Tuitoek P.J, Varpalotai A

Willingness of young persons in Western Nigeria to participate in HIV vaccine trials
Saheed Opeyemi Usman, Ibiwumi Nafisat Usma, Kayode Fatai Adebayo, Olaiya Paul Abiodun, Nafisat Oladayo Akintayo-Usman, Randy George Mungwira, Anne Gumbe, Ndumiso Tshuma, Omisakin Temitope Christopher, Jessica Yun

The determinants of patient waiting time in the general outpatient department of Debre Markos and Felege Hiwot hospitals in Amhara regional state, North West, Ethiopia
Melesse Belayneh, Mirkuzie Woldie, Negalign Berhanu, Mastewal Tamiru

Determinants of knowledge and use of psychoactive substance among commercial motorcyclist in Sokoto metropolis, Northwest Nigeria
M.O. Raji, Owolabi Saliu, I. A Gada, A.T Bakare, R.A Oladigbolu, A.U. Kaoje

Caries level among autistic children in Khartoum state, Sudan: A step towards improving the well being of less fortunate children
A. Dosah, Maha Fathi, Fatima Salah, Sara Elobied, Alaa Eltahir, Aseel Salah, Hassan Miligy, Nuha Abdul Hafiz, Riham Abdelrahim

The pandemic nature of reemerging tuberculosis and the role of population migration in its spread
Michael W Popejoy, Janvier Gasana, Rakesh Ravikumaran, Daniel Westphal, Angelico Mendy

Magnitude and factors associated with unintended pregnancy among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tadele Kassie, Geteneh Moges, Ahmed Ali, Worku Tefera

Female infertility in India: Causes, treatment and impairment of fertility in selected districts with high prevalence
Shraboni Patra, Sayeed Unisa

Effectiveness of self instructional module on awareness about prevention and transmission of HIV/AIDS among bachelor level management students in selected colleges at Bangalore, India
Tara Ramtel

Prevalence of vaccine preventable diseases and utilization of routine immunizations services by parents of under-one children in a semi-urban community of Sokoto State, Nigeria
Kaoje AU, Mohammed Yahaya, Raji M Olayinka, Sanusi Hauwau, Jibril Abubakar, Aliyu H Ambursa

Breastfeeding practice and associated factors among mothers/caretakers of children aged 0-23 months in Asella Town, South East Ethiopia, 2015
Sileshi Demelash Sasie, Lemessa Oljira, Melake Demena, Mitku Teshome

Assessing Sudanese patients’ perspective with regards to quality of services in Khartoum dental teaching hospital, Sudan
Wisam Omer Taha Algabbani, Howeida Hassan Abusalih, Khalid Sayid Habbani, Salwa Saad Awad

Relationship of anthropometric measures of fatness to serum lipid concentration in school children: A cross sectional study
C S Yilgwan, G Yilgwan, OO Ige, E Yiltok, II Abok, C John, CO Isichei, SN Okolo

Universal health coverage
Ailbhe H. Brady

Modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors among residents of Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria
Kaoje AU, Sabir AA , Jimoh AO, Okafoagu NC, Raji MO, Oboirien IO

Translation and validation of the breast feeding self efficacy scale into the Kiswahili language in resource restricted setting in Thika – Kenya
D.M Mituki, P J Tuitoek, A Varpolatai, I Taabu

Seroprevalences of HBsAg and Anti-HCV among pregnant women in Turkey
Nadire Seval Gündem, Fatma Kalem

Problematic hypersexuality: Findings among undergraduates in a Nigerian university
Abdullahi H, Okafor CJ , Essien E, Udofia O

Assessing government’s fiscal space for moving towards universal health coverage in Cambodia
Kouland Thin, Sokbunthoeun SO

Atypical Chikungunya during pregnancy: Report of the Venezuela final experience
Ana Carvajal, Susana Gómez, Lía Monsalve-Arteaga, Lyaduvina Caraballo, Ana Agüero, Ricardo Strauss, Olga Rojas, Mabel Palmero, Aleydah Salazar, Clara Pacheco, Gidder Benítez, Alfonso J. Rodríguez-Morales

Obesity and comorbid chronic disease; small group dynamics to change lifestyles
Michael W Popejoy

Socioeconomic and behavioural risk factors for infection of visceral leishmaniasis gedaref state – Sudan 2015
Adam Suleiman Abaker, Altagi Abdalla Mohammed, Abd Elbasit Elawad

Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning methods among the rural females of Bagbahara block Mahasamund district in Chhattishgarh State, India
Mohammad Jawed Quereishi, Ann Kavitha Mathew, Ashish Sinha

Delayed submission of sputum specimen by adult tuberculosis (TB) suspects in Mzimba district in Malawi
John L.Z. Nyirenda, Kamija Phiri

Descriptive analysis of measles cases seen in a tertiary health facility in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria – implication of disease eradication
Mohammed Yahaya, Kaoje Aminu Umar, Jiya Fatima Bello, Bello Abubakar Gwandu, Yusuf Tahir, Ibrahim Baffa Sule, Jimoh Ahmed Kolawole, Raji M.O, Ango U.M, Nakakana Usman Nasir

Menstrual pattern and prevalence of dysmenorrhea among school going adolescent girls in a rural block of Haryana: A cross sectional study
Garima Sangwan, B.M Vashisht

Further analysis of multicentre cystathionine beta synthase deficiency thrombosis data and metabolic pathways suggests potentially better treatment via improved cysteine supplementation, diet, antioxidant supplementation, follow-up and testing for thrombophilic mutations
David Vance

Trends in mass media exposure upon women: A review of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey
Yasmin Jahan, SM Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Sajeda Chowdhury, KATM Ehsanul Huq, Md Moshiur Rahman

A study of common practices, restrictions and preparedness regarding menstruation among school going adolescent girls in a rural block of Haryana
Garima Sangwan, B.M Vashisht

Risk factors of diarrheal disease among children in the East African countries of Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania
Bethesda J. O Connell, Megan A. Quinn, Phillip Scheuerman

Awareness and adoption levels of ecological sanitation latrines introduced by Synod of Livingstonia Development (SOLDEV) department in traditional authority Mzukuzuku in Mzimba district in Malawi
John L.Z. Nyirenda , Kamija Phiri , Shouts G. Simeza

Quality of working life of nurses in a tertiary cancer center in Qatar
Santhirani Nagammal , Abdulqadir J. Nashwan , Sindhumole LK Nair , Anupama Susmitha

Psychosocial experiences of subjects with vesicovaginal fistula: A qualitative study
David Nwoba Nweke, Monday Nwite Igwe

The isolated Leptospira Spp. Identification by molecular biological techniques
Duangjai Suwancharoen, Busara Sittiwicheanwong, Chatrapee Sornwai, Waree Sookmai, Kajee Pilakasiri

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome: A review of the clinical/diagnostic features and report of a case without fever
Okwudili Obayi, Monday Igwe, Christian Agu, Jane Glad Ugbala

Global impact of antimicrobial resistance
Raghavendra L. Girijala, Ruth L. Bush

Multiple drug resistant pathogens
Michael W Popejoy

Comparison of hemodynamic effects of epinephrine (1:200000) infiltration with or without lignocaine in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy
Afroz Khan, Ishfaq Ahmad Sofi, Junaid S Wan

Unexpected finding of a high prevalence of perinatal hypertension in a rural Haitian village: An observational study
Bryce C Gagliano, Jorge C Cuza, Christopher G Porter, Samuel O Ewalefo, David M Vanderpool, Ruth L Bush

Morphometric study of human auricle in the age group of 18-24 years in North West part of India
L Arora, V Singh

A case report of burning mouth syndrome: A diagnostic dilemma
Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Mohammed A Kariri, Fareedi M Ali, Walid M Moafa

E-Government as tool to advance health
Claudia Frankfurter, Luis Gabriel Cuervo

Improved hypertension control among primary care patients in Jamaica between 1995 and 2013
Michelle A Harris, Trevor S Ferguson, J Peter Figueroa

Determinants of inequalities in self-perceived health among the urban poor in Kenya: A gender perspective
Eboreime Oikeh I O, Otiene G O, Okumbe G M

Case control study of STI patients and its associated risk factors
Rakesh Kumar Saroj, K H V SS Narsimha Murthy, Manoj Kumar, Avadhesh Kumar

Assessment of burden of seasonal influenza in India and consideration of vaccination policy
Mahima Venkatesh, Charles R Doarn, Mark Steinhoff, Jun Ying

Abstract rodenticide induced acute fulminant hepatitis and acute pancreatitis: A case report
Pradip Bhaumik, Karthik Pichika Lakshmanan

Fish gallbladder consumption almost costing life
Pradip Bhaumik, Karthik Pichika Lakshmanan

The multicultural origins of public health: Historical perspective
Franklin White

Assessing learning process of caring behaviour among nursing students in Palembang, Indonesia
Ira Kusumawaty, Amitya Kumara, Ova Emilia, Fitri Haryanti

Developing study habits inventory for secondary level students in Nepal: A psycho-educational survery
Timothy Aryal, Prabin Shrestha, Shishir Subba, Usha Kiran Subba

Nutritional status of in-school adolescents in Ekiti state, Nigeria
Akingbade Ayowale Kelvin, Sanusi RA

MDGs to SDFs: Lessons for UHC for India
Kanchan Mukherjee

Blood, donors and dollars: Rethinking financial sustainability of safe blood services in Tanzania
Kahabi Ganka Isangula, Sharon Brownie, Abela Mahimbo, Solomon Kibona, Abdu Juma, Deus Mogela

Key challenges of human resources for health in India
Priya Sinha, Sigamani P

Risk communication and public health
Wuqi Qiu, Shannin Rutherford, Cordia Chu, Ayan Mao, Xiaohui Hou

Regenerative medicine: A ray of light for medical science
Mufassira Fathima, Garima Chandra, Onkar Sumant

A health financing reform solution for Kenya: Expansion of National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF)
Reena Anthonyraj

Knowledge, attitude and practices of nurses working in basic health care networks in Morocco vis-à-vis breast cancer
A S Diarra, S EI Fakir, A Najdi, B M Traoré, N Tachfouti, M Berrah, Y C Khazraji, L Abousselham, L Belakhel, R Bekkali, C Nejjari

Condom negotiation skill among female sex workers: A qualitative study from western Nepal
Dibya Sharma, Ramchandra Kafle, Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Diksha Sapkota, Paras Kumar Pokharel

Determinants of inequalities in self-perceived health among the urban poor in Kenya: A gender perspective
I.O Eboreime Oikeh , G.O Otieno, G.M Okumbe

Smoking – its imitative hand-oral behaviour and ingestion thereby of environmental toxins like lead (Pb)
David J Vance

Assessment of knowledge and practices of tuberculosis health care providers under revised national tuberculosis control program in Kashmir valley of Jammu and Kashmir, India
Rohul J Shah, Anjum B Fazili, Feroz A Wani, Beeish Mushtaq

New food product consumer's behaviour: Health literacy and neophobia
Luis Soares Luis, Henrique Luis

Inpatient satisfaction and associated factors towards nursing care atFelegehiwot Referral Hospital, Amhara Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia
Melesse Belayneh

Parent dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviors associated withchild behaviors and weight status among private school children in Delhi,India: A cross-sectional study
Blanche Greene-Cramer, Melissa B. Harrell, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Nalini Ranjit, Shreela Sharma, Vinay Gupta, Gaurang Nazar, Monika Arora

Using geographical information systems (GIS) to examine sanitaryimplications of rubbish dump locations at human activity centres
Lenos Koku Ankrah, Desmond AyimAboagye, Benjamin Edem Zogbator

Indigenous paediatrics in Australia: A public health crisis
Ida Whiteman

Global smoking and its impact on health
Graham F Cope

Assessment of caregivers knowledge of diarrhoea and practice of hme management of diarrhoea disease among under two chidren in Opialu, a rural community in Benue State, Nigeria
Gabriel Ofikwu Ogbeyi, Audu Onyemocho, Chikaike Ogbonna

Inpatients satisfaction with physician services in Khartoum State hospital wards, Sudan
Howeida H Abusalih

Undernutrition and its determinants among daily laborers working in Cobblestone project in Ethiopia
Geteneh Moges, Biniam Getachew, Solomon Shiferaw, Robel Yirgu

Epidemiology of percutaneous exposure to needlestick and sharp object injuries in the Botswana public health sector: A health facility cross sectional study
Styn M Jamu, Lesego Gabaitiri, Kelly K Midongo, Nelson K Mwaniki

Research to policy: The field practicum model
Kanchan Mukherjee

An analysis of how health care providers, industry and patients influence health technology assessment around the world
Devarshi Bhattacharyya

Myxoid synovial sarcoma: An unusual clinical and pathologic presentation
Ashraf A Deyab, Naseer D Chowdhary, Salah A Abdalraheem, Dhaifallah M Al-Harbi, Elsadig Y Mohamed, Laeequz Zaman

The revised guidelines of the Medical Council of India for academic promotions: Need for a rethink
Peush Sahni, Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar

Audit and feedback to improve the management of dyslipidemia in primary care in Jamaica: A randomized controlled trial
Michelle A Harris, Novie Younger-Coleman, Trevor S Ferguson, John P Figueroa

Prevalence and pattern of birth defects in a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir: A pilot study
Mariya A Qurieshi, Uruj A Qureshi, Iftikhar H Munshi

The primipara respons based on individual personality type to the intensity of delivery pain
Gita N Sari

Assessing PMTCT service coverage in Southwest Nigeria: A step towards universal coverage
Abayomi J Afe, Timothy Aknimurele, Abimbola Oduola, Olatoun Adeola, Ganiyu Agboola

A social epidemiology workshop in Central America: Advancing a regional policy on research for health
Maria A Milla, Michele Monroy, Andres A Suarez, Luis G Cuervo, Louisa Stuwe, David Bann, Maria S Burrone, Patricia O Campo

A desk review of health services system of different countries as a guide to action in Indian context
Vikas Bajpai

Experiences of a healthcare quality and safety expert in the largest military hospital in Ghana
Elom H Otchi

Dermodialysis – Could sweating treatments for chronic renal failure substantially and feasibly improve outcomes in developing and even developed world contexts?
David J Vance

Global plan for the decade of action for road safety: Opportunities and challenges for developing countries
Saeed Akhtar

Prevalence of childhood asthma among 3-6 years old children, Udupi Taluk, Karnataka, India
Anar Singh Dhakar, Ramachandra Kamath, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Shreemathi S Mayya

Knowledge and practices of blood donation among the undergraduate students of district Una, Himachal Pradesh, India
Bishwas Acharya, Hoshiar Singh Chauhan, Ankita Thakur

Small incision cataract surgery and phacoemulsification: A comparison of central foveal thickness by OCT
Junaid S Wani, Surraya I Parray, Afroz A Khan

Undergraduate medical student's perception about an integrated method of teaching at a medical school in Oman
Harshal Sabane, Geener John

Demographic transition and population ageing in India: Implications on the elderly of the future
Shradha Mathur, Navin Mathur

Comparative study of Epidural 0.75% Ropivacaine with Dexmedetomidine and 0.75% Ropivacaine alone in lower abdominal and lower limb surgeries
Swarna Gowri S, Sreeharsha Sirigeri, Harshavardhana H S

Economic burden of HIV/AIDS on households: Cross-sectional study in the context of Navi Mumbai, India
Amit B Bhavsarl, Dhananjaya Srivastava

Relationship between low birth weight of babies and antenatal care of mothers: A cross sectional study at a tertiary care hospital of Kishanganj, Bihar
MalvikaDubey, Rout A.J, Ram R, Saha J.B, Chakraborty M, Biswas N

Visual outcome in diabetic retinopathy with macular oedema after combined therapy with intravitreal bevacizumab and retinal photocoagulation: An observational case series
Arshi Nazir, Syed T Qureshi, Ejaz Akbar, Andleeb Ahangar, Syed H Kubravi, Tania Sadiq

GJMEDPH as an initiative and official publication of the Regional Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Kashmir, India
S M Kadri

Assessment of immunization coverage among under-five year old children residing in slum settlements in an urban area in coastal Karnataka
SPhadnis, S Khadka, S Pattanshetty, A Monteiro

A study of hand washing practices among the chefs of the registered restaurants in Pune Cantonment
S Vashisht, A Khera, M A Shamim, A Mahen

Determinants of substance abuse among senior secondary students in Mainland local government, Lagos
George N Ani

Comparative study of anxiety index and stress coping skills in first and second year BDS students of Sinhgad Dental College, Pune
Rajeev Saxena, Deepak Nagpal, Ravi V Shirahatti, Shiv Prasad, ShivprasadGaudar, Chinmay Shah

The use of household budget surveys to estimate the availability of fruits and vegetables for consumption in Swiss households after deduction of food waste
Bouclaous Carmel, Jaubert Ronald

Assessment of medical students in the final obstetrics and gynaecology clinical examination (MBBS): Comparing the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) using (MAM) and the Traditional Long Obstetric Case (TOC)
ElsadigYousif Mohamed, Sawsan Mustafa Abdallah, Mohamed Ahmed, Gadir E Ounsa, HaythamBaha

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in pregnancy: A hospital based study
M Ismail, T Masood, Raj Kumar, G Hassain, Shalini

Malaria status in India with focus on Odisha State having maximum disease burden
Swayam P Parida ,Vikas Bhatia

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS Cov) outbreak so far exempted Sub Saharan Africa: is it good news or call for action?
Ballah Akawu Denue

Nepal: A potential public health crisis looming: What is to be done?
Michael W Popejoy

Assessment of nutritional status of children attending paediatric outpatient department at a tertiary care hospital
Shreyash J Gandhi, Sujit B Parmar

Rapidly evolving outbreak of a febrile illness in rural Haiti: The importance of a field diagnosis of Chikungunya virus in remote locations
Ruth L Bush, Ian T McGraw, NailaDhanani, Lee A Ray, Regina M Bentley, David M Vanderpool

Maternal and child health care in an underprivileged area of Bangalore city: Identifying the gaps in the continuum of care
Avita R Johnson, Sulekha Thimmaiah, Sumithra Selvam, Prem Mony, Arvind Kasthuri

Comparative study of efficacy of methyldopa vs labetalol in the management of pregnancy induced hypertension in respect to maternal and perinatal outcomes
Bidisha Roychoudhury, Poushali Sanyal, Bijit Chowdhury, Kamal Oswal

Oral Candida carriage among HIV infected and non-infected individuals in Tikur Anbesa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Berhanu Yitayew, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Daniel Asrat, Admasu Tenna

Histopathological spectrum of lesions of upper gastrointestinal tract – A study of endoscopic biopsies
Bilal A Sheikh, Shaista M Hamdani, Roohi Malik

A study on training needs of female health workers in tribal area of Telangana, India
Rapolu Ramakrishna Murty

Diabetes and depression: A review with special focus on India
Megha Thakur

Clinical presentation and the early detection of colorectal cancer
Petkovic Marija

The utility of neuroimaging in the management of dementia
Uduak E Williams, Ekanem E Philip Ephraim, Sidney K Oparah

Oxyphil variant of parathyroid adenoma: A rare case report
Dattasamje Kroshna, Sujata S Giriyan

Clinical estimation of intraocular pressure with a non-contact tonometer and Goldman applanation tonometer as a tool for mass screening and its correlation with central corneal thickness: A comparative hospital based study
Anshulee Sood, Arshi Nazir, Farooq Runyal, Sajad Mohiudin, Tania Sadiq

Syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections: Is it time for the World Health Organization to revise its algorithms?
Abdul Wajid

Birth preparedness and complications readiness among women in Lekhnath Municiaplity, Nepal
Hari P Kaphle, Nirmala Neupane, Lal B Kunwar, Ajaya Acharya

Serum zinc and copper levels in maintenance haemodialysis patients and its relationship with depression and anxiety
R Sudha, KPonsuganthi, Jones Ronald

Hazardous traditional practices during postnatal care in low resource setting: A cross sectional study
Mubashir Angolkar, Ganesh A Mane, Ashwini B Narasannavar, Bijendra Banjade, Asutosh Shrestha, Jitendra K Sah, Kamal Patil

Phytochemical screening, bioautography and antibacterial evaluation of the methanolic extract of Glycine Max (Soybean)
T Kumaran, T Citarasu

Molecular medicine techniques in the detection of viral hepatitis
Jayanta Borkakoti, Giassuddin Ahmed, PremashisKar

Study of health human resource migration in India
Panneer Sigamani, Shreejaya S

Tinnitus (Phantom Sound): Risk coming for future
Suresh Rewar

Health inequality and social capital: From state to community
Vijay K Yadavendu

Ebola – Are you at risk?
Michale W Popejoy

Assessing childhood malnutrition in Haiti: Meeting the United Nations Millennium Development Goal #4
R.L Bush, E.LTresselt, S.S Popatia, E.R Crain, C.T Russel, L.A. Copeland, D.M Vanderpool

Socio-economic inequity in use of antennal care and child immunization services in Goa
M.S Kulkarni, M R Nimbalkar

Unsafe abortion among young people in Katete, Zambia
Cibangu Katamba

Modifiable life style associated risk factors for non communicable diseases among students of pre-university college of Udupi taluk
Shradha S Parsekar, Lena Ashok, Ashma D Monteiro, Mannat M Singh, Bhumika T.V

Higher educational status, staying in joint family and early treatment initiation improves quality of life in leprosy: Experiences from and observational study at a tertiary centre in Eastern India
Nirmalya Manna, Anup Chakraborty, Swapnodeep Sarkar, Manisha Sarkar, Udit Pradhan

Rapidly changing treatment options adding burden to the management of typhoid fever
Jaspal Kaur, Priyanka Khanna

Scaling up success to improve health: Towards a rapid assessment guide for decision makers
Jason Paltzer, Dawn Magnusson, Lori D Brown

Changing disease profile and preventive health care in India: Issues of economy, equity and effectiveness
Salma Kaneez, M Aijaz

Re-emphasizing food as basic medicine of public health to reclaim hunger in health discourse
Vikas Bajpai, Anoop Saraya

Cutaneous leishmaniasis: Literature review and report of two cases from communities devastated by insurgency in North-East Nigeria
Ballah A Denue, Bukar A, GaladimaGadzama, Haruna A Ngadda

Executive function disorder in acute traumatic brain injury in Manado, Indonesia
Sekplin A.S.Sekeon, Junita Maja P.S, Mieke A.H.N.Kembuan

Global health governance and the end TB strategy: An optimistic post 2015 development agenda
Vijay Kumar C,Soosanna Kumary

Knowledge, attitude and practice about animal bite and rabies among victims attending a rural hospital in eastern India
Sirshendu Chaudhuri

Assessment of knowledge and practices of selected health and sanitation issues in slums of Ahmedabad
Mayur Trivedi, Kumar Gaurav

Effects of chronic disease self – management program on quality of life and wellbeing among chronic ill adolescents at Majmaah university female Colleges, KSA
Wafaa Hassan Alseraty ,Fatma M. Amin

Seroprevalence of Rubella antibodies among pregnant women with bad obstetric history in tertiary care hospital
Shashi Chopra ,Gomty Mahajan

Knowledge and attitude regarding STIs including HIV and RTIs among college adolescent girls in urban Udupi Taluk
Monica Rana, Ramachandra Kamath,Lena Ashok, Bharatesh Shetty,Vasudev Guddattu,Varalakshmi Chandrasekaran

Sexual health behavior of adolescents: A school based study conducted in Kathmandu district of Nepal
NiluThapa , Kamal Chaulagain

Determinants of abortions in Katete District of Zambia: A hospital based survey
Cibangu Katamba

Emergency obstetric care resources availability and service provision in Zaria LGA, Kaduna State
Joseph Sunday , Clara L Ejembi , NeyuIlyasu , Anthony Shamang , Butawa N Natie,Yakuba Musa,Istifanus A Joshua

Review of applications of Bayesian meta-analysis in systematic reviews
Melissa Glenda Lewis , N Sreekumaran Nair

Disaster risk reduction and sustainable development
Debra J Nanan, Franklin White

Nutritional status and its determinants among selected polytechnic college students in Puducherry: A cross sectional study
KanimozhyK ,Vishnu Prasad R,Zile Singh

Socio Demographic Profile of the Poisoning Cases in Kashmir Valley
FarhanaBashir,Mushtaq Ahmad Rather,Bashrat Salem, Abdul Hamid,SM Kadri

Prevalence of Substance Abuse among Senior Secondary Students in Mainland Local Government, Lagos
George N. Ani

Alcohol consumption among Asian Americans in the U.S: A systematic review
Yan Huang

Contraceptive devices in India
Felipe Weinberg ,Kadri SM

Food security: The gaffes of the past and the options for the future
Vikas Bajpai

Dynamic characteristic analysis of mother to child transmission of HIV in India
A. S. Kadi,S.R. Itagimath,S.RGani

Motivation, support and cooperation by health care professional towards achieving accreditation at a small sized HIV laboratory in government hospital
Sherwal B L, RakshitP ,SuriS, Gupta P, Jais M ,Gogoi S ,Nayak R ,Dutta R

Women’s autonomy: new paradigm in maternal health care utilization
Ganesh Dangal,Tulsi Ram Bhandari

The Sustainable Action against HIV and AIDS in Communities (SAHACOM): Impacts on health and quality of life of people living with HIV in Cambodia
Siyan Yi, PheakChhoun, Samantha Brant, Kelley Kita, SamedySuong, Kouland Thin, SovannaryTuot

Early stages of the HIV epidemic among injecting drug users: Lessons to be learned
Tanvir Ahmed, Donald Stewart

Assessment of cultural beliefs and practices during the postnatal period in a coastal town of South India - A mixed method research study
Chythra R Rao, Dhanya SM, Ashok K, Niroop SB

Occupational injuries and safety measures adopted by welding workers: a cross sectional study in South India
Bhumika.T.V.,Megha Thakur,RichaJaswal,PrachiPundir,EtiRajwar

The association between serum gamma glutamyltransferase levels and microalbuminuria in Type 2 diabetic patients
C.K.Vijayasamundeeswari, R. Sudha

Utilization and discontinuation of contraceptive methods: the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH) experience
NjokuCO, Emechebe CI, Agbarakweh, Ekabua JE, Abeshi S

Condom acceptability for prevention of HIV infection amongst male inmates in a convict prison in north western Nigeria: A Qualitative Research Report
AuduOnyemocho,Ogboi Sonny Johnbull, Victoria NanbenOmole, Joshua IstifanusAnekoson,Anejo-OkopiJoseph Aje

Contemporary Marketing Tools Used from Bulgarian Private Dentists
Kazakova S, D. Kirov, D. Krastev

Policy Prescription from Systematic Review evidence on “Conditional Cash Transfer for Improving Uptake of Health Interventions in Low and Middle Income Countries”
Ashrita Saran, Bhumika.T.V., N.Sreekumaran Nair

The role of physiotherapists in global health
Viveka Hammelin

Correlates of tobacco use and physical activity among Emirati citizens and non-citizens resident in Dubai, UAE
NiyiAwofeso, SamerHamidi, AnuRammohan, Carol Wang

Dental pain as the predictor for caries experience among school children of Udupi district, south India
Sravan Kumar Y, ShashidharAcharya, KalyanaChakravarthyPentapati

Social determinants of smoking in the population of the Republic of Macedonia – results from a nested case-control study
Dance GudevaNikovska, .MomeSpasovski,DraganGjorgjev, JovankaKaradzinskaBislimovska, RozalindaIsjanovska,FimkaTozija

Prevalence and factors associated with unintended pregnancy among married women in an urban and rural community, Khartoum state, Sudan
Majdi Mohammed Sabahelzain ,Sawsan Mustafa Abdalla, Syed Ahmed Meraj, ElsadigYousif Mohamed, Mohamed AbdallaAlmansour, KhaledTohamiMedani,FahmiEzaldinAwad

A study on psychological assessment of adolescent girls in rural schools of West Bengal
Nirmalya Manna, Dipanwita Pandit

Prostatic abscess by ‘the great imitator’ in a HIV patient - a case report
PanduranganThilakavathy,R.M.SathishKumar,Anand B. Janagond,G.S.Vijay Kumar

Social determinants of tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review
IsmailaAdamuSaidu, ZaheerNasir, Baba WaruGoni

Integrated Disease Surveillance in India: Way Forward
Deepak K. Raut,Anil K. Bhola

Breathe analysis in disease recognition
AyanGhosh,Ranabir Pal, Sanjay Dahal

Comparative analysis of indoor air quality inNabha and ZirakpurPunjab,India
NityNishant, RupaUpadhyay, Sakshi Sharma

Non-pharmacological treatment of ankylosing spondylitis: Barriers to effective implementation of recommendations in Morocco

Quality of life among the geriatric population in a rural area of Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India
ShahulHameed,Krutarth R Brahmbhatt, Dipak C Patil, Prasanna K S, Jayaram S

Mother’s perception and treatment seeking behaviour for childhood diarrhea in Dendi district, west Shoa, Ethiopia

Estimation of prevalence of anemia using WHO hemoglobin color scale among non pregnant females of urban slum
DhruvendraPande, SatishSaroshe, DhruvendraPandey,SanjayDixit,HarishShukla, SmritiTiwari

Organizational development in Ethiopia: Factors affecting organizations’ implementation of feedback
Ariel Falconer, Katherine Semrau , Malcolm Bryant

Uncovering dengue in India: morbidity estimates
AnandaAmarasinghe, Anil K. Bhola, Scott B.Halstead

SATHI: An experimental model of urban primary healthcare
Kanchan Mukherjee

An Insight into cytopathology of odontogenic tumors: A review
VidyadeviChandavarkar,Mithilesh Mishra,Deepak Bhargava,Sangeetha R, Radhika Gupta,Ritika Sharma

The effects of terrorism on adult mental health: a public health preparedness approach
Sameera S. Karnik, Amar Kanekar

Michael W. Popejoy

A study on Clinico-Epidemiological profile of snakebite patients in a tertiary care centre in Bangalore
Harshavardhana H S,Imtiaz Pasha, N C SrinivasPrabhu, Preethika Ravi, Amira N

Infant and young child feeding practices in rural Belgaum: A descriptive study
Anjali Khanna, Deepti. M. Kadeangadi, Shri MD Mallapur

Essential hypertension and cognitive function in elderly
ShilpaGaidhane, Abhay M Gaidhane, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin, NazliKhatib

Knowledge regarding reproductive and child health: an intervention study among ASHAs in a block of West Bengal
Parthasarathi.R, AparajitaDasgupta, Ram Prabhakar V, Rahul Biswas, SouravNaiya, A.Geethanjali

Evaluation of the Community Health Nursing Course of First Year Proficiency Certificate Level Nursing in Nepal
MandiraShahi, Shiva Ram Dhakal, YogendraShakya, KabitaDahal, SharmilaRanjitkar, BikramDhojShahi, Amrita Chaulagain, SuniPradhan, JenyKayastha

Prevalence and risk factors affecting low birth weight in a district hospital at Perambalur, Tamilnadu
Rahul HanumantDandekar, Mohd. Shafee, Sati Prasad Sinha

Premarital Sexual Practice among Unmarried First Year Undergraduate Students in Alkan University College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Reluctance of medical personnel to work in rural areas and the imperative to functionalize peripheral health services; are public private partnerships the answer: an evaluation of the proposal to give community health centers (chcs) on ppp mode in Uttrakhand State of India

The Emergence of Hospital Accreditation Programs in East Africa: Lessons from Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania
Jeffrey Lane, Scott Barnhart, Samuel Luboga, John Arudo, David Urassa, and Amy Hagopian

Knowledge and Attitude about HIV/AIDS among medical students in a private medical college in coastal Karnataka
Sanjay Kini, Sneha D Mallya, Veena G Kamath, AshaKamath, AmbikaCoondoo, KarthikVasudevanIyer, Sujayendra D Murali

Spinal myoclonus following spinal anesthesia for caesarean section
SatyaSrinivas, Y.S Kanni, B. Sowjanya Reddy, VishwaBharathi

The Metabolic Syndrome: Management and inclusion into clinical practice
Sawsan Mustafa Abdalla, Mohamed AbdallaAlmansour, ElsadigYousif Mohamed, KhaledTohamiMedani, Waqas Sami

“Behind Closed Doors” Disclosure of Domestic Violence against Women (DVAW) by ER Nurses: Argumentative Essay
Abdulqadir J. Nashwan

Canada reduces refugee health provisions – a negative precedent
Franklin White

A study of morbidity profile of geriatric population in an urban community of Kishanganj, Bihar, India
Sanjiv Kumar Barman,Kanchan Lata, Rama Ram, Nilanjana Ghosh, Gautam Sarker, Kashif Shahnawaz

A study to assess the effectiveness of planned health teaching programme using child-to –child approach on knowledge of selected first aid measures among school children in selected schools at Dharapuram in Tamil Nadu, India

Antibiotic resistance pattern of Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infection with an emphasis on fluoroquinolone resistance
Sangeeth K, Rajesh KR, Indrapriyadharsini R

To Study the Hematological parameters as predictors of morbidity in patients with HIV infection
Imtiaz Pasha

Electrolyte disturbances among acute stroke patients in Manado, Indonesia
Mieke A.H.N. Kembuan, Sekplin A.S. Sekeon

History and evolution of surveillance in public health
Varun Kumar, Deepak Raut

Chronic malnutrition: a cross-section analysis
Emely Beatriz García González

Maternal determinants of intrauterine growth restriction in Goa, India: a case-control study
DD Motghare ,Frederick S Vaz , AM Pawaskar, MS Kulkarni

Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission at primary health care level in Moshi urban Tanzania: uptake challenges and transmission rate
Sia E. Msuya M,,Jacqueline Uriyo, Tamara Hussein, Melina Mgongo, Damian Jeremiah Damian, Ahmad Makuwani, Babill Stray-Pedersen

Effectiveness of the chlorhexidine containing dentifrice on reduction of plaque and gingival inflammation - A controlled clinical trial
Dinesh Bhopale

Access to medicines: looking for policy and finding corruption
Solongo Jargalsaikhan, William L. Aldis, Nitaya Vajanapoom

Deep vein thrombosis with tuberculosis: a rate presentation of common disease
Prasad Muley, Urjita Shah, Varsha Shah, Dulari Gandhi

Evidence-based medicine for better healthcare
Arti P Muley, Prasad P Muley

Exploration of the myth of diversification of Indian diets and the reality of rising calorie deprivation
Vikas Bajpai, Suman Bhasker

Epidemiological aspects of Hepatitis A
Theodoros A. Parasidis, Ioanna G. Alexandropoulou, Theocharis G. Konstantinidis

Exploring to what extent an educational intervention regarding COPD primary care patients is feasible to impact life quality: a brief report from Greece
Nikolaos I. Kakoliris, Konstantinos Karagiannis,Emmanouil K. Symvoulakis, Katerina M. Antoniou, Nikolaos Tzanakis, Christos Lionis

Health service support for breastfeeding in the northern region of Ghana
Paul Armah Aryee, Emmanuel Kodwo Mensah, Amonu–Gyamfua Ampofo

Perceptions of Jordanian children with cancer regarding concealing the true nature of their diagnosis: An interpretive phenomenological analysis study
Omar Al Omar,Dianne Wynaden

An evaluation of nutritional status of children in Anganwadi Centre of Hyderabad district of Andhra Pradesh state using WHO z- score technique
Shanawaz, AA Nasir, Sunder S, Khan M, Rani S, Padmanabha BV

Continued persistence of increased Subacute Sclerosing Pan Encephalitis cases in India, 2010-2012
Archana Choudhry, Nupur Gupta, Supriya Singh, Meena Dutta, Shashi Khare, LS Chauhan

Role of Emergency Department of a Super Specialty Government Hospital during a Seasonal Dengue Epidemic in a Developing Country: a Conundrum
Hem Chandra, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Aftab Alam, Leela Masih

Prevalence of acute viral hepatitis in women presenting with jaundice with fetomaternal outcome
Saima Wani, SM Kadri, Shakura Bhat

Adolescent Obesity: its correlates and associated morbidity
Sonali Sain, Prianka Mukhopadhya, Tushar Kanti Saha, Shamima Yasmin, Amitava Chatterji, Indira Dey

Epidemiological determinants of the physical activity among the urban community of Ahmedabad, India: A cross sectional study
Himanshu Nayak,Rajendra, Gadhavi,Sheetal Vyas,Rachna kapoor,Krutarth Brahmbhatt

A study on client satisfaction as per standard treatment guidelines in a rural hospital of West Bengal, India
Nirmalya Manna, Dipanwita Pandit, Soumi Biswas

Duodenal tuberculosis mimicking a malignant tumor - a case report
Rasool Zubaida, S Besina, Danish Rafiq, Ashfaq-ul-Hassan, Othman S A, Iqbal Baba, Baba KM, Omar J Shah

Asbestos exposure and health hazards: a global emergency, Epidemiological evidence and denial theories
Francesca Zazzara, Ferdinando di Orio

Critical eye towards storage and disposal of prescribed medicine
Sunita S. Patil, Sunil K.Patil

Public Health International Collaborative Partnerships
Michael W. Popejoy

Feasibility study on upgrading the bachelor nursing curriculum in Nepal
Mandira Shahi, J. P. Agrawal

Patients-related predictors of poor adherence to antihypertensive treatment in Congo-Brazzaville: a cross-sectional study
Bernice Mesmer NSITOU , Méo Stéphane IKAMA ; Bousso DRAME; Berthollet Bwira KABORU

A comparative study on self-esteem among tribal and non-tribal students in Udupi Taluk, Karnataka, India
Uday Narayan Yadav, Shradha Parsekar, Vidya Prabhu, Divya Sussan Patil, Sumit Kumar, Mannat Mohan Singh, Ravikant Singh, Poshan Thapa

Profile of HIV seropositive patients attending Integrated Counseling & Testing Centre (ICTC): an experience from a medical college in West Bengal, India
Santanu Ghosh, Shuvankar Mukherjee, Amrita Samanta

Critical evaluation of quality assurance in laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis in selected nearby microscopic centers under RNTCP
Anuradha, Khandekar J, Saxena , Rajni E, Sherwal B L

Giant Colonic Lipoma causing Intussusception: A rare case report
Madhuri S.Kate, Preeti Jain, Chetan K. Patil

Ruptured non-communicating rudimentary horn of unicornuate uterus at 14 weeks of pregnancy: a case report
Arun Kumar, Deepika.N

Lung abcess in a child: a case report
Mervan Bekdas, Sevil Bilir Goksugur, Fatih Demircioglu, Hulya Ozturk

Psychology in dentistry—“An emerging field of dentistry in India”
Srivastava A, Anuradha P

Induced Abortion and Women’s Reproductive Health in India
Sutapa Agrawal, Praween K Agrawal

Gender variations in the health status among immigrants in Canada
Md Kamrul Islam

Defining ourselves by our publication ethics
Debra Nanan

Prevalence and factors associated with obesity among adult women of Nepal
Mandira Shahi, Laxmi Rai, Raj Devi Adhikari, Muna Sharma

A study on knowledge and practices regarding menstrual hygiene among rural and urban adolescent girls in Udupi Taluk, Manipal, India
Kamath R, Ghosh D, Lena A, Chandrasekaran V

A study of infant deaths in tribal area of Andhra Pradesh, India
Ushashree Garikipati, Giridhara R Babu, Hira Pant, GVS Murthy

An epidemiological study on risk factors of diabetes mellitus among the patients attending a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal, India
Baijayanti Baur, Nirmalya Manna, Jhuma Sarkar , Gandhari Basu, Lina Bandyopadhyay, Krishnadas Bhattacharya

An assessment of communication skills of the MD/MS students of institute of medicine in Nepal
Jagdish Prasad Agrawal, Mandira Shahi

Existing practices and barriers to access of MCH services – a case study of residential urban slums of district Mohali, Punjab, India
Parika Pahwa, Aditya Sood

A study of access and compliance of iron and folic acid tablets for prevention and cure of anaemia among adolescent age group females in Ahmedabad district of India surveyed under multi indicator cluster survey 2011
Rajshree J. Bhatt,Harshvardhan K.Mehta,Vidita Khatri, Jatin Chhaya, Kirti Rahul,Pritesh Patel

Pattern of tobacco use among primary school teachers in Belgaum city, India – A Cross Sectional Study
Prashant Savadi, A S Wantamutte, Ashwini Narasannavar

Prolapsed Giant Posterior Cervical Leiomyoma
Ramya.R, M.Narayanaswamy

The effect of micro RNA-21 and interleukin-6 on development of heart failure: A meta-analysis of the literature
Henry Anselmo Mayala, Wang Zhao Wei, Fabian Pius Mghanga, Paul Johnson Mwanyika, Khamis Bakari Oyoo

The Indian elder: factors affecting geriatric care in India
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Anushree Ray

Public health and allied career choices for Ayush graduates in India
Janmejaya Samal

Rabies: the neglected zoonosis in communicable disease epidemiology
Ayan Ghosh, Ranabir Pal

A study of prevalence of sexually transmitted infections & response to syndromic treatment among married women of reproductive age group in rural area of Parol Primary Health Centre under Thane district, Mahrashtra , India
Parmar Mehul Tribhovandas, Solanki Harsha Mansukhbhai, Gosalia Vibha Vinodkumar

Clinical and psychosocial profile of HIV orphans in Northern Karnataka – a longitudinal study
Mahesh.V, Dattatreya D Bant, Geetha V Bathija

General Hypochondriasis in Diabetes Mellitus Type-II (DM-II): Implications for Clinicians
Mohd. Fazil, Mohd. Akram, Prem Kapoor

A comparative time motion study of all types of patient discharges in a hospital
Swapnil Tak, Sheetal Kulkarni, Rahul More

Behavioral change after voluntary HIV counseling and testing among adults in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
B. Kitali , M. Mahande, M. V. Mosha, J. Kessy , B. Njau, D. Mushi

Assessing fistula and obstetrical surgical capacity in South Kivu, DRC
Stephen C. Morris, Nadine Semer, Lauri Romanzi, Michael VanRooyen, Julia VanRooyen

Cytology of medullary thyroid carcinoma – report of 4 cases
Ambawade Vibhuti D, Gawai Amita R, Gupta Anshul, Kate Madhuri S

A case report of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
Henry Anselmo Mayala, Wang Zhao Hui, Fabian Pius Mghanga

Bilateral cortical blindness secondary to tuberculous meningitis in a young Indian female
Meenakshi wadhwani, Rajiv Garg, Anil Gurtoo

Caring for a Bedouin Female Patient with Breast Cancer: An Application of Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality
Abdul Qadir J. Nashwan, Dana B. Mansour

The State of Food Security Report 2012 and the Enigma of Achieving Millennium Development Goals
Vikas Bajpai, Biraj Swain

Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
Nissrin Hoffmann

Knowledge as primary prevention: before being a doctor, doctors must also be teachers
Ambrogio P Londero, Serena Bertozzi

Epidemiological investigation of mixed outbreaks of measles/varicella in hilly villages of district Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
GuptaSN, Gupta Naveen, Gupta Shivani

Study of factors associated with poor glycemic control in Type -2 Diabetic patients
Gopinath B, Sri Sai Prasad M, Jayarama N, Prabhakara K

Profile of Age related macular degeneration in a Kashmiri population-A hospital based study in Tertiary care hospital in Kashmir, India
Tariq Qureshi, MajidNazir, Nausheen Abdullah, AnjumFazili, Rashid Maqbool, RahilaRamzan

CLSI-Derived Hematology Reference Intervals for Healthy Males in Eastern India
Abhijit Banerjee, Diganta Dey, Parbati Banerjee, Sudarshan Ray, Ratnamala Ray, Banasri Hazra

A Study of impact of Education onAwareness, Personal Hygiene and Practices of food handlers of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kashmir, India
Pandita K.K, Jan Farooq, Rehana K, Wani MA, Hina

Qualitative analysis fingertip patterns in ABO blood group
S. V. KShirsagar, S. P. Fulari

Care for the caregiver: Stress relief and burnout among health workers in HIV care
Ruth Atukunda, Peter Memiah, Constance Sibongile Shumba

Stochastic Modelling: An Approach to Quantify the Transmission Intensity of Pandemic Influenza (H1N1) in Maharashtra
Sheikh Taslim Ali, A S Kadi, S R Avaradi, S P Hiremath

A study of prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections & response to syndromic treatment among married women of reproductive age group in rural area of Parol Primary Health Centre under Thane district
Mehul T. Parmar,Harsha M. Solanki, Vibha V. Gosalia

Utility of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Soft Tissue Lesions with Histopathological Correlation
Rasool Zubaida, Bhat ML, Samoon Nuzhat, Baba Khalil, Rumana M, Reshi Ruby, Shafi M

Relationship between ABO blood groups and malaria with clinical outcome in rural area of South India
Gayathri B.N, Harendra Kumar M.L, Gomathi.N, JeevanShetty, Reethesh R. P

Global health impacts due to infectious diseases and climate change: A narrative review
Sameera Karnik, Amar Kanekar

2013 – Pieces of the puzzle have fallen into place…
Anders Nordström

Acute Gastroenteritis During Childhood in Bolu, Turkey: 3 years of experience
Mervan Bekdaş, Fatih Demircioğlu, Sevil Bilir Göksügür, Beyhan Küçükbayrak, Erol Kısmet

A study of antenatal services utilisation among reproductive age group females in ahmedabad district surveyed under multi indicator cluster survey 2011
Harshvardhan K. Mehta, Rajshree J. Bhatt, Nirmal Brahmbhatt, Kriti Agarwal, Krunal Varia, Hitesh Bhabhor

Prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy in Kashmir, India -A hospital based study
Tariq Qureshi, Nausheen Abdullah, Shagufta

Serum magnesium levels in patients with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia with different regimens of magnesium sulphate
Arpita Singh, Ajay Kumar Verma, Ghulam Hassan, Ved Prakash, P.Sharma, S.Kulshrestha

The association between estimated average glucose levels and fasting plasma glucose levels in a rural tertiary care centre
Raja Reddy P, Reethesh RP, Mahesh V

Treatment Patterns and their Relation to the Diagnosis of Chagas Disease in Patients with Heart Failure, 2001-2011: Bogotá, Colombia
Micah Rae Pepper, Juan Guillermo Pérez, Juan Carlos Villar, Malcolm Bryant

Psychosocial covariates of physical activity in recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients
Rajesh Nair

Infections to allergies via antibiotics: A triangular scenario
Shilpa Shah

A comparative study between met & unmet need groups of contraception in rural area of Maharashtra, India
Harsha M Solanki , Chavan Mansi K. Chavan, Velhal Gajanan D, Mehul T. Parmar

Mobile towers and health hazards
Charu, Jugal Kishore

To develop a public private partnership model of disease notification as a part of integrated disease surveillance project (IDSP) for private medical practitioners in Mumbai City, India
Ratnendra R. Shinde, Ravindra S. Kembhavi, Jitesh S. Kuwatada, Tarun S. Khandednath

Determinants of smoking and chewing habits among rural school children in Bankura district of West Bengal, India
Naba Kumar Das, Keya Ghosh, Gautam Narayan Sarkar, Shyamapada Paul

Serial estimation of serum CRP levels in patients of COPD with acute exacerbation
Rajesh Gupta, Ramanjit Kaur, Veena Singh, Vipin Goyal, Kiran Dahiya, Anupama Gupta, Manjulata Kumawat

Prevalence of physical disability in rural population of district Mau of Uttar Pradesh, India during May 2007
Srivastava DK, Khan JA, Pandey Sanjay, Pandey Rajesh, Shah Heman

Clinico-epidemiological profile of malaria: Analysis from a primary health centre in Karnataka, Southern India
Ramachandra Kamath, Sneha Gaitonde, Pooja Tripathi, Dhritiman Das, Mayuri Banerjee, Myna Shetty, Sandeep Kumar Nayak, Md. Asadullah

Spatial, socio-economic and demographic variation of childlessness in India: A special reference to reproductive health and marital breakdown
Praween Agrawal,Sutapa Agrawal, Sayeed Unisa

Assessment of maternal and child health (MCH) practices with a focus on Janani Suraksh Yojana (JSY)
Sandeep Sachdeva, Jagbir S Malik

Affordability of population towards dental care in Mathura City—A household survey
Priyanka Bhushan , Geetika Arora, Rohit Agrawal, Maj Kundan Kumar, Dhananjay Barde

Gestational diabetes: How risky are the mothers of rural Bengal,India
Sonali Sain, Prianka Mukhopadhyay, Tushar Kanti Saha, Ritu Ghosh

Glomus tumor of penis- A rare case
Madhuri S.Kate, Preeti Jain, Sushma Gulhane

Septo-optic dysplasia with lissencephaly
Kumar Amritanshu, Ahmed Rizwan Karim, D.P.Banerjee

Role of nuclear medicine in dentistry
Shazia Mushtaq

Enhancing compassionate care as an integral part of primary care and general practice
Christos Lionis, Sue Shea

Knowledge, attitude and practice of epilepsy among patients and family members attending urban health and training centre, Shahganj, Aurangabad, India
Hashmi S J, Dixit J V

Hearing loss in otitis media with effusion- types and management- a study of hundred cases
Sriram Nathan

An Epidemiological study of malignancies in Jammu province, India a retrospective study (1999-2003)
Langer Bhavna, Langer Raja, Gupta Rushali, Singh Bhupinder

Study of Prevalence and Stages of diabetic nephropathy in a rural tertiary care centre - Southern India (2011-12)
Raja Reddy P, Jayarama N, Lakshmaiah V, Anil NS

Knowledge of women`s issues in epilepsy: a survey of residents at a tertiary hospital in Calabar, Niger delta region of Nigeria
Oparah Sidney Kelechi, Njoku Charles, Williams Uduak

How vulnerable are automobile repair workers to HIV/AIDS? A quantitative and qualitative assessment in a slum of Kolkata,India
Ghosh Santanu, Samanta Amrita, Mukherjee Shuvankar

Incidences of insomnia sleep disturbances and nightmares in patients receiving statins as treatment in urban Mumbai, India
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Santosh Gosavi

Prevalence of Diabetes mellitus and role of stress in diabetes in rural Pondicherry - an union territory of India
Majgi Sumanth Mallikarjuna, Bala Soudarssanane M, Gautam Roy, Das Ashok Kumar

Z Score and CIAF – A comprehensive measure of magnitude of undernutrition in a rural school going population of Kashmir, India
Fazili Anjum,Pandit M I ,Mir A A, Bhat I A

Menstruation and menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of West Bengal, India : A school based comparative study
Adrija Datta, Nirmalya Manna, Mousumi Datta, Jhuma Sarkar, Baijayanti Baur, Saraswati Datta

Determinant of behavioural change for condom use among out- of- school youths in Tanzania
E. Katikiro, B.Njau

Unmasking the Health Problems faced by the police personnel

Comparative study of lansoprazole and rabeprazole on ulcer healing property on albino rats
Amit Kumar Jha, Rafat Ali Shakur, Asish Kumar Ram

An Analysis of the Relationship between Sociodemographic Features and Complaints of Bed Bug Infestations at the Population Ward Level in Toronto.
Maruf Morshed, Tolu Osoba

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor of rectum- a case report
Madhuri S.Kate, Pruthviraj D. Jaybhaye Nidhi Chaturvedi

Physical inactivity among college students is associated with living in hostels: a study from Delhi, India
Rahul Sharma, Rahul Khera

Prioritizing research on multi-stakeholder approach to improve physical activity among adolescents in India
Raghavendra Madhu-Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), New Delhi, India

Reproductive factors in relation to breast cancer: A hospital based case control study in Jammu, India
Langer Bhavna , Langer Raja, Gupta Rushali ,Singh Bhupinder

A study on socio-demographic correlates of maternal health care utilization in a rural area of West Bengal, India
Mousumi Datta, Nirmalya Manna

A study on clinico-epidemiological profile of ear, nose and throat diseases among patients aged 6 to 14 years attending the E.N.T. OPD at M.G.M. Medical College, Kishanganj, Bihar, India
Arup Sen Gupta, Rama Ram, Farzana Islam, Shuvankar Mukherjee, Ashish Kumar Ram , Salil Kumar Bhattacharyya

Knowledge level Regarding Public Health Issues among Homoeopathic practitioners
Neha Chanana, Jayanti Dutta Roy, Amarjeet Singh Minhans

Predictors of consistent condom use among University students: Hierarchical analysis Debre Berhan,Ethiopia
Muluken Dessalegn, Maereg Wagnew

Prevalence and determinants of unmet need for family planning in Kishanganj district, Bihar, India
Kanchan Lata, Sanjiv Kumar Barman, Rama Ram, Shuvankar Mukherjee, Asish Kumar Ram

Mortality of major league baseball players from Canada, Latin America, and the Caribbean
Robert J. Reynolds, Steven M. Day

Evaluation of incidence and severity of postoperative hypoxemia in neurosurgical patients during transportation from operation theater to surgical intensive care unit in a tertiary care unit, Kashmir, India
Abdul Waheed Mir,Mohamad Akbar Shah ,Imtiyaz Naqash,Yasir Majid, Parvaiz Ahmad Ghazi,Altaf Bukhari

Pregnancy periodontitis and low birth weight: A cohort study in rural Belgaum, India
Murthy S, Mubashir A, Kodkany BS, Mallapur MD

A systematic review of community hand washing interventions leading to changes in hygiene behavior in the developing world
Raghavendra Madhu, Amanda van Beinum

E-networks for improving public health education and practice in low and middle income countries: Introducing public health global network
Manu Raj Mathur, Priyanka Chaman, Vijayluxmi Bose

An uneventful pregnancy and delivery in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia
Prathima S, CSBR Prasad, Udayakumar M, Narayanaswamy M

Platinum based doublet cross over therapy for advanced stage non small cell lung cancer? A better survival option
Rajiv Garg , S Saheer, Ghulam Hassan , Rashmi Upadhyay

Impact factor of the journal as quantitative measure for quality of journal: pros and cons
Paneru Damaru Prasad

A case study on use of modified delphi technique for developing consensus on designing contents of a module for imparting sex education to adolescents in schools, in India
Deepak B. Saxena , Pradeep Kumar , Manish Rana, Hitesh M Shah

Prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in a rural tertiary care centre, southern India.
Jayarama N, Madhavi Reddy, Lakshmaiah V

Menopausal status and psychological distress: a cross-sectional survey among middle aged women in an urban slum area of Kolkata, India
Shuvankar Mukherjee, Santanu Ghosh, Amrita Samanta, Agnihotri Bhattacharyya

Comparison of effect of simvastatin and metformin monotherapy on lipid profile and testosterone levels in polycystic ovary syndrome
Veena Singh, Meenakshi B. Chauhan, Meenu Deswal, Kiran Dahiya, Priya Dahiya, Ashuma Sachdeva, Ragini Singh, Rajesh Nair

Time to sputum conversion in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in Armenia: retrospective cohort study
Arax Hovhannesyan, Elizabeth Breeze

Spirometeric evaluation of traffic police personnel exposed to high altitudes
Rupali Parlewar, K.S.Bhatia, Monia Rathore, Devinder Dadwal

Human cadaveric uro-oncology (HCU) surgical anatomy course: an “old” but contemporary training method
Emre Huri, Cenk Acar,Murat Binbay, Sinan Sözen, Fernando J. Kim

Climate change: health policies implications in Jordan
Maysa Alkhateeb

Future of healthcare in India: lessons from Scandinavia
Gulrez Shah Azhar

NRHM - the panacea for rural health in India: a critique
Vikas Bajpai, Anoop Saraya

Diagnostician’s confirmatory tool - oral biopsy
Mahendra R.Patait , Reeta Patait,Kedar Saraf, Fareedi Mukram Ali, Basavraj K

Conceptual differences and similarities between public health related contents of syllabus of Ayurveda graduation (B.A.M.S.) with syllabi of M.B.B.S, M.P.H. and M.D. (social and preventive medicine) in India.
Jaideep Kumar, Jayanti Dutta Roy, Amarjeet Singh Minhans

Primary pulmonary non hodgkin’s T cell lymphoma
Santosh Kumar , S Saheer, Nautiyal RG, Ghulam Hassan, Rashmi Upadhyay

Swyer- James -MacLeod syndrome presenting as hemoptysis in an adult
Santosh Kumar , S Saheer, Nautiyal RG, Ghulam Hassan, Rashmi Upadhyay

Prevalence of risk factors of ischemic heart disease among students of J N Medical College in Belgaum, Karnataka, India
Akheel MM, Mubashir BA, Dixit MD

Climate change: will there be any winners?
Franklin White, Executive Editor, GJMEDPH

Non-Communicable Diseases Prevention: Time to Put Our Act Together
Srikrishna Sulgodu Ramachandra

Morbidity trends in Lymphatic Filariasis: Analysis from a tertiary care center in Kerala, Southern India
Sushma Krishna, Aswathy S, Sanjeev Singh, Panicker KN, Kavitha Dinesh, Shamsul Karim

Nutritional Status And Its Association With Diabetes Mellitus In School Children,India
Muninarayana.C, Madhavi Reddy, Anil NS, Lakshmaiah V, Ravishankar S

The Assessment of Indoor Air Pollution associated with household fuel use in Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India.
Yogesh Gopal Parajuli

The association of Socio-demographics characteristics and social support from family and community with depression: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006
Erfan Ayubi, Milad Nazarzadeh, Siamak Sabour

Need Assessment for Sex Education amongst the University Students –A Pilot Study
Jaideep Kumar

Characterization of Escherichia coli isolated from migratory water fowls in Hakaluki Haor, Bangladesh
Ferdaus Mohd. Altaf Hossain, Md. Taslim Hossain, Md. Mukter Hossain, Md. Emran Bhuyian, Md. Masudur Rahman

Assessment Of Knowledge And Practices Related To Tuberculosis And Associated Factors Among HIV Positive People In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Rahel Abebe, Meaza Demissie

Chlorhexidine, A Medicine for all the Oral Diseases
Radhika Gupta, Vidya Chandavarkar, Sushama R. Galgali, Mithilesh Mishra

Anesthetic Abuse Patient Associated With Corneal Ulcer, Hyphema And Lipid Keratopathy
Anna Hovakimyan, Araks Davtyan

Launching The Global Journal of Medicine And Public Health
Franklin White, Executive Editor, GJMEDPH

Coverage and Compliance of Mass Drug Administration in Lymphatic Filariasis: A Comparative Analysis in a District of West Bengal, India
Nirmalya Sinha, Sarmila Mallik, Sarmila Mallik

Oral Submucous Fibrosis: Medical Management
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Prasant MC, Ashok Patil, Vinit Aher, Safiya Tahsildar, Rashmi Deshpande

The Variations in Calcaneal Articular Facets In North Indian Population and its Clinical Implication
Seema, Maninder Singh , Anupama Mahajan , Deepinder Kaur Gandhi

The Effect of Epinephrine On The Development of Oogenesis of Mice (Mus Musculus) Strain of Japanese
Sri Utami, Suyanto

Behavioral Characteristics of Adult Patients on HAART in Uganda
Constance Shumba,Ruth Atukunda,Richard Imakit,Peter Memiah

Ramifications of Dental policy and its impact on public oral health
Prasant MC, Mohd Inayatulla Khan, Fareedi Mukram Ali, Vinit Aher, Sanjay Kar, Imran Khalid., Mahesh Ahire

Bio Medical Waste Management- ‘An Emerging Problem’
Mohd Inayatulla Khan, Prasant MC, Fareedi Mukram Ali, Vinit Aher, Sanjay Kar, Imran Khalid, Mahesh Ahire

Role of Bitemark Analysis In Identification of A Person
Anupama Mahajan, Arvinder Pal Singh Batra, B.S. Khurana, Seema, Jeewandeep Kaur

Anatomical Position of Mental foramen: a Review
Vinit Aher, Prasant Pillai , Fareedi Mukram Ali, Mohammed Mustafa, Mahesh Ahire. Anupama Mudhol, Mahnoor Kadri

Role of Calcium Hydroxide In Endodontics : A Review
Mohammed Mustafa, Saujanya KP, Deepak Jain. Sangameshwar Sajjanshetty, Arun A . Laxmi Uppin, Mahnoor Kadri

Nitric Oxide In Health And Disease
Chinmay Shah, R.Dixit,A.K.Anand

News Around the World

Diabetes cured in Dogs

The first successful application of Gene therapy has eliminated type 1 diabetes in dogs, the first time this treatment has worked to treat the disease in a large animal.

Spanish researchers induced diabetes in beagles between 6 months and 1 year old. The dogs’ skeletal muscles were then injected with viruses carrying genes for insulin and glucokinase, an enzyme involved in processing glucose. Following treatment, the genes had been incorporated into the dogs DNA which allowed them to regulate their own blood sugar levels without medical intervention. Furthermore, it was established that the synergistic action between the genes is needed to regulate blood sugar levels as Dogs injected with viruses carrying only the gene for insulin or only the gene for glucokinase continued to have symptoms of diabetes. During exercise the Dogs showed no sign of episodes of hypoglycemia.

This study has been an incredible discovery for potential therapeutic treatment of diabetes type 1 but caution must be taken in applying this directly to humans as the dogs’ diabetes was induced by chemically by destroying pancreas cells that produce insulin. In naturally occurring type 1 diabetes the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells. Nevertheless, this study provides the first proof-of-concept in a large animal model for a gene transfer approach to treat diabetes.

David Callejas et al, 2013. Treatment of Diabetes and Long-term Survival Following Insulin and Glucokinase Gene Therapy Diabetes published ahead of print February 1, 2013. Click Here

The “God Particle” has been found!

Scientists at the Cern research centre in Switzerland reveal they have found a new subatomic particle that could be the Higgs boson. The finding marks a breakthrough in understanding of the fundamental laws that govern the universe.

Professor Peter Higgs, 83, the retired British physicist from the Edinburgh University, hit on the concept of the eponymous mechanism in 1964. Prof Higgs gave his name to the elusive "God particle" that scientists believe they have found. The Higgs boson gives matter mass and holds the physical fabric of the universe together. Observations so far show the discovery looks and acts like the long-sought particle that has eluded scientists for 50 years. Finding the Higgs boson is vital to the Standard Model, the theory that describes the web of particles, forces and interactions which make up the universe.

There has been development over the years of the technology of building machines at higher and higher energy, and the Large Hadron Collider is the one which has been energetic enough and also intense enough in terms of the particle beams to do it.

The discovery has been described as "momentous" and "a milestone". But the results are preliminary and more work is needed before scientists can be sure about what they have captured.

Click Here

DNA Methylation Linked to Memory Loss

Scientists find that declining DNA methylation in mouse neurons may cause age-related memory deficits.

There is an increase in research connecting changes in epigenetic regulation of gene expression to the aging process. Many studies demonstrate that DNA methylation declines with age but now the expression of a specific DNA methyltransferase has been linked to memory formation.

Researchers have shown that levels of an enzyme that attaches methyl groups to cytosine nucleotides throughout the genome is linked to cognitive decline, and that its overexpression can restore performance of aging mice on memory-related tasks.

Researchers at the Department of Neurobiology, University of Heidelberg Germany monitored Dnmt3a2 expression in 3-month-old and 18-month-old mice, and found lower levels of Dnmt3a2 in the older mice. Furthermore, learning tasks designed to stimulate hippocampus neurons failed to upregulate Dnmt3a2 expression in old mice as robustly as in young mice.

Boosting Dnmt3a2 expression enhanced both brain methylation in the older mice, and their ability to learn. Conversely, when the researchers used short hairpin RNA to knockdown Dnmt3a2 expression in young mice, their performance on learning and memory tests worsened.

Previous studies have suggested a connection between loss of DNA methylation and Alzheimer’s disease, suggesting that if researchers could restore methyltransferase activity and cure or delay dementia, it could make a potential model for developing drugs to tackle age-related cognitive diseases.

Click Here

Patent Rights to Prenatal Tests

Four companies who have developed noninvasive genetic prenatal tests are fighting over who has the patent rights to the revolutionary techniques.

This year has seen the arrival of three revolutionary, noninvasive tests for analyzing the DNA of a fetus, and a fourth expected to become available in the next few months. These new tests can detect genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome and other common trisomies as early as 10 weeks into the pregnancy, representing a potential market of more than $1 billion. With such high financial stakes, the four companies that have made these tests available are currently involved in a legal battle over who can patent the underlying technique, which involves scanning maternal blood for fetal DNA.

Click Here

Doggy bugs may prevent Asthma

Mice become immune to a virus associated with childhood asthma when exposed to dust from homes that have dogs.

The dust from homes with dogs appears to confer an advantage to the youngest members of the household. Mice who were fed dog-home dust before being exposed to a common infant infection called respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is associated with a high risk of developing asthma, appear to be immune to the virus compared to mice fed on normal house dust.

The team from the University of California announced its findings at the American Society for Microbiology General Meeting in June and revealed that the immune mice also had “a distinct gastrointestinal bacterial composition”. This study suggests that dogs carry certain microbes which may take residence in the gastrointestinal tract of the mice and play a role in modulating the immune response to RSV. Further research could potentially pave the way for new vaccines for respiratory viruses.

Click Here

The wandering mind.

There is growing evidence to support the notion that a wandering mind is a more creative mind. Numerous studies have shown that anxiety leads to the exact opposite of the freewheeling mindset you need to create something original, Instead of focing yourself to concentrate the best approach when a deadline looms may be to take a quick break, By monitoring Alpha brainwaves associate with a relaxed mindset, sciebtists found that people in a relaxed mood were more likely to find creative solutions to word puzzles. Even listening to jokes helps.

Click Here

Analytic thinking challenges religious belief.

There are many people with religious convictions who feel their faith is concrete. However, a new study found that prompting people to engage in analytical thinking caused their religious beliefs to waver, even if only a little. Researchers say the findings have potentially significant implications for understanding the cognitive underpinnings of religion.

Psychologists often carve thinking into two broad categories: intuitive thinking, which is fast and effortless and analytic thinking, which is slower and more deliberate. Both kinds of thinking have their strengths and weaknesses. More recently there has been a greater consensus among scientists that many religious beliefs are grounded in intuitive processes.

Click Here

The MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS REPORT 2012 Major Accomplishments and Shortfalls.

The MDG Report 2012 was launched in New York by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on July 2, 2012. Several MDG targets have been met well ahead of the 2015 target date. The report states that meeting remaining targets remains possible if Governments keep their commitments made over a decade ago. Obviously this includes both recipient and donor nations.

Highlights of the Report:

Extreme poverty is falling in every region including Sub- Saharan Africa.

The poverty reduction target was met: the global poverty rate at $1.25 a day fell in 2010 to less than half the 1990 rate. If confirmed, the first target of the MDGs— cutting extreme poverty to half its 1990 level—will have been achieved at the global level well ahead of 2015.

The world has met the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of water: the proportion of people using an improved water source rising from 76 per cent in 1990 to 89 per cent in 2010.

Improvements in the lives of 200 million slum dwellers exceeded the slum target: The share of urban residents in the developing world living in slums declined from 39 per cent in 2000 to 33 per cent in 2012. This achievement exceeds the target of significantly improving the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, well ahead of the 2020 deadline.

The world has achieved parity in primary education between girls and boys: Many more children are enrolled in primary school, especially since 2000. Girls benefited the most. The gender parity index value of 97 falls within the margin of error for 100.

Many countries facing the greatest challenges have made significant progress towards universal primary education. Enrolment rates of primary school age children increased markedly in sub-Saharan Africa, from 58 to 76 per cent between 1999 and 2010.

Child survival progress is gaining momentum. Despite population growth, the number of under-five deaths worldwide fell from more than 12.0 million in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010.

Access to treatment for people living with HIV increased in all regions. At the end of 2010, 6.5 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS in developing regions. This total constitutes an increase of over 1.4 million people from December 2009, the largest one-year increase ever. The 2010 target of universal access, however, was not reached.

The world is on track to achieve the target of halting and beginning to reverse the spread of tuberculosis. Globally, tuberculosis incidence rates have been falling since 2002, and current projections suggest that the 1990 death rate from the disease will be halved by 2015.

Global malaria deaths have declined. The estimated incidence of malaria has decreased globally, by 17 per cent since 2000. Over the same period, malaria-specific mortality rates have decreased by 25 per cent. Reported malaria cases fell by more than 50 per cent between 2000 and 2010 in 43 of 99 countries with ongoing malaria transmission.

These accomplishments notwithstanding, there remain major shortfalls:

Inequality detracts from these gains, and advances have slowed: Achievements are unequally distributed across and within regions and countries. Moreover, progress has slowed for some MDGs after the 2008-9 economic crisis and related consequences.

Vulnerable employment has decreased only marginally over twenty years. Defined as share of unpaid family workers and own-account workers in total employment, this fell to 58 per cent from 67 per cent two decades earlier. Women and youth remain the most vulnerable.

Decreases in maternal mortality are far from the 2015 target. Despite improvements, progress is still slow. Reductions in adolescent childbearing and expansion of contraceptive use have continued, but at a slower pace since 2000 than over the decade before.

Use of improved sources of water remains lower in rural areas. While 19 per cent of the rural population used unimproved sources of water in 2010, the rate in urban areas was only 4 per cent. Nearly half of the population in developing regions still lack access to improved sanitation.

Hunger remains a global challenge. 850 million people lived in hunger in the 2006-8 period, 15.5 per cent of the world population. This continuing high level reflects lack of progress on hunger in several regions, even as income poverty decreased. Progress is slow in reducing child undernutrition. Close to one third of children in Southern Asia were underweight in 2010.

The number of people living in slums continues to grow. Despite a reduction in the proportion of urban populations living in slums, the absolute number continues to grow from a 1990 baseline of 650 million. An estimated 863 million people now live in slum conditions.

Gender equality and women’s empowerment remain key challenges. Gender inequality persists and women continue to face discrimination in access to education, work and economic assets, and participation in government. Violence against women continues to undermine efforts to reach all goals.


United Nations. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2012. New York 2012.

Click Here

Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) receives $1.6 billion Shot in the Arm

The Global Fund (GFATM) expects to have an additional $1.6 billion to fund projects in 2012-2014, its new General Manager Gabriel Jaramillo announced on May 9, a turnaround from a funding freeze last year. The money includes funds from new donors, from traditional donors who are advancing their payments or increasing contributions and from some donors, such as China, that have offered to support projects in their own country to free up cash for more pressing needs elsewhere.

Last November a lack of donor funds prompted the Global Fund to scrap new grants until 2014, triggering a crisis for agencies working to tackle AIDS around the world. Donor governments were strapped for cash after the financial crisis, but some also balked at reports that funds were being misused in four countries that received grants from the Global Fund and temporarily suspended their contributions.

By December 2011, the Fund had approved funding of $22.6 billion for more than 1,000 programs in 150 countries, providing AIDS treatment for 3.3 million people, anti-tuberculosis treatment for 8.6 million people and 230 million insecticide-treated nets for the prevention of malaria.

Reforms will prioritize 20 "high impact" countries that account for 70 percent of the global burden of the three diseases and receive 70 percent of the Fund's grants. The first $616 million of the new money will be put to work as soon as the grant requests have been reviewed by the Fund's Technical Review Panel and approved by the board. The Fund said it would consult countries and its partners on how to use the remaining $1 billion most effectively.

Source: Tom Miles; Editing by Michael Roddy; Reuters May 9, 2012.
Click Here

Global Drinking Water Goal Met Five Years Ahead of Target

The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) drinking water target, which calls for halving the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water between 1990 and 2015, was met in 2010, five years ahead of schedule.

However, the job is far from finished. Many still lack safe drinking water, and the world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target. Continued efforts are needed to reduce urban-rural disparities and inequities associated with poverty; to dramatically increase coverage in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania; to promote global monitoring of drinking water quality; to bring sanitation ‘on track’; and to look… towards universal coverage.

Source: UNICEF & WHO. Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2010 Update. Released 2012.
Click Here

World Malaria Status Improves

World Malaria Status reveals impressive gains in intervention coverage and reductions in malaria morbidity and mortality. WHO estimates that the number of malaria cases has fallen by more than 50% in 43 countries over the past decade. Eleven countries in Africa have shown a reduction of more than 50% in either confirmed malaria cases or malaria admissions and deaths in recent years. In Asia, four countries saw a decrease in the number of malaria cases of more than 50% since 2000.

Source: HLSP Institute. Health and Development Global Update. July 2011. Click Here

Discovery – DNA scars in Children.

Researchers show Childhood stress (including violence, bullying and physical abuse) can leave scars at the DNA level! The team at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina used data collected from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study to provide support for a mechanism linking cumulative childhood stress to telomere maintenance (P=0.015).
Click Here

The Big Bioinformatics Boom!

Job prospects within computational biology, also known as bioinformatics are growing as pharmaceutical and biotech industries start to think big with bigger datasets. The availability of enormous genomics data to explore links between specific genotypes and diseases and then screening drug data to identify therapeutic candidates has attracted attention in California's Silicon Valley area (US). Russ Altman, a professor of bioengineering, genetics, and medicine and director of the biomedical informatics training program at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.

Said “It's not big pharmaceutical companies driving the demand there, he says, but small biotech companies who've realized they can capitalize on the enormous amount of publicly available health and genomics data” (Price, M; Science Careers, April 2012).
Click Here


THINK TWICE before using Cocaine or lose twice the brain volume each year as non-drug users. A new study by neuroscientists at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom shows those addicted to Cocaine lose twice the brain volume each year as non-drug users. "We are an aging society as it is," says Karen Ersche, behavioral neuroscientist at the University of Cambridge, "If our young people are aging prematurely due to drug abuse, the public health implications could be huge."
Click Here


Ming (Frances) Kuo, an associate professor of natural resources and environmental sciences, directs the Landscape and Human Health Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ming Kuo has been studying attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (A.D.H.D.) and found that children’s A.D.H.D. symptoms were systematically better after spending time in green places. In fact, the peak effect of a dose of nature can be as much as the peak effect of stimulants. In the Netherlands, medical records show that the rates of disease are lower for people who have more green space within a quarter mile or so of their home (adjusting for socio-economic factors). People in greener places are healthier; out of 24 major categories of disease (including heart disease, asthma, anxiety disorders and clinical depression) 18 were more rare in greener areas and no categories were more prevalent in greener areas. Kuo recommends, “Go outside! Your brain, your immune system and your body will thank you.”
Click Here

Another big step towards winning the battle with Cancer.

CD47 a new, validated target for cancer therapies could be the answer to shrinking or curing human breast, ovary, colon, bladder, brain, liver, and prostate tumors. The continuing efforts of biologist Irving Weissman and team of the Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo Alto, California have shown that treatment using an antibody (anti-CD47) obstructs a "do not eat me" signal normally displayed on tumor cells, enabling the immune system to destroy the cancer cells. The anti-CD47 anitbody therapy initiated in mice inhibited tumour growth and prevented or treated metastasis (Willingham SB, et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2012)
Click Here

Music improves health

A scientific study by Chelsea and Westminster Hospital has found that music can improve our health. Patients who listened to live music needed less drugs and recovered more quickly than those who didn’t. Dr Rosalia Staricoff, who was involved in the study, says: "The physiological benefits have been measured. Music reduces blood pressure, the heart rate, and hormones related to stress."
Click Here

The Public Health Association of South Africa (PHASA)

The Public Health Association of South Africa (PHASA) wants to build an association of those involved in health and health-related activities to promote greater equity in health in South Africa. PHASA advocates equitable access to the basic conditions necessary to achieve health for all South African as well as equitable access to effective health care. PHASA will work with other public health associations and related organizations and advocate on national and international issues that impact on the conditions for a healthy society.

For more information: 

Epidemiological News for professionals

Epidemiological news for professionals only, publishes information on the epidemiology sector. The objective of "Epidemiological News" is to facilitate the dissemination of information within the network dedicated to the epidemiology. The epidemiologist’s network is composed of a variety of qualified professionals such as researcher, research technician, statisticians, scientific staff, vigilance responsible, toxicologist, study manager, doctor, hygienist, veterinary, pharmacist, student in public health. Network members are located all over the world. For more information, Click Here